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A conscious infant choking victim may not be able to cry, cough, or breathe, and will look blue and distressed. Ask the parent or caretaker if you can help. Infant choking is a very sensitive and worrying thing to think about let alone to have to do it. It may sound a severe thing to do to an infant but it is necessary. The infant will be very distressed, so acting fast and effectively is important, and you will need to take control.
Once you have established that the victim is choking, lay the infant down on your legs if seated, or in your arms with the head lower than the legs. This allows gravity to help. Perform 5 back slaps as individual slaps. If this does not clear the obstruction, turn the infant over and perform 5 chest thrusts in the same way as CPR, but as individual thrusts. This forces trapped air in the lungs against the obstruction. After every back slap or chest thrust, look to see if the obstruction has cleared. Avoid "blind finger sweeps" in the mouth as this can push the obstruction back in the airway.
Never attempt this unless the infant actually needs it and it is recommended in all cases for the infant to get checked out by a medical professional. If possible get a bystander to activate EMS, but if alone do not leave the patient; continue to treat.